Kayaking 8

We all have different things that we like doing. Activities that individuals love doing especially during their leisure times are usually referred to as hobbies. Hobbies are important since they provide avenues through which we are able to find an escape from the tumultuous lives that we live. Having a period where we can relax is important for every individual as this provides the body, especially the mental faculties, with some time to get some rest and get reinvigorated.

There are many kinds of hobbies that people can engage in and provide their body with adequate recess. One of the best ways to relax in the present day is going out kayaking.

Kayaking is an activity that involves sailing on water bodies using this vessel called a kayak. A kayak is a vessel that is very similar to a canoe. The similarities of a kayak and a canoe are in the design of this water vessel. Like the canoe, it is slender and it allows only one person across the width, i.e. two people cannot sit side by side. The original kayak allowed only one person per kayak but advanced tandem models have been developed that allow 2-4 people per kayak. The people in a tandem kayak sit along the kayak’s length i.e. one in front of the other.

Kayaks have gained a lot of popularity in recent times due to their numerous advantages as recreational vessels.

Kayaking provides the individual with a period of fun since the very action of paddling and steering the kayak is very entertaining. Sailing on the water is also very refreshing and while kayaking one is able to enjoy other attractions including observing marine wildlife from close quarters, watching different kinds of bird species as they go about their natural life – which includes hunting for fish, sightseeing – especially in places where the water body is bordered by beautiful landscape and land formations, and one can also enjoy different types of sporting activities too.

Some of the common sports that kayakers participate in include kayak racing, deep sea kayak touring, and white water kayaking. White water kayaking is where the kayakers attempt to sail down ferocious fast moving rivers that have rapids and falls. Experienced kayakers also use special types of kayaks to show boat. Show boating is where the kayakers perform assorted types of acrobatic moves using their kayaks. This is normally as a form of entertainment for spectators. Show boating is also done as a competitive sport where participants compete in terms of the difficulty of the moves they execute.

People who love kayaking and take it up as a hobby are normally inclined to buying their own personal kayaks which they can use at their own convenience. There are cheap affordable kayaks available that individuals can buy without necessarily having to break the bank. A good example is inflatable kayaks which are not only cheap but they are also very advantageous for the hobbyist since they are very easy to carry around and they are also very easy to use – even for beginners.

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and sit-on-top kayaks

Kayaks come in an array of different designs with different features. They are made of different materials such as fiber glass, high quality PVC, plastic, Kevlar and wood. Choosing among all these different features will largely depend on how the buyer plans to use their kayak and the environment for which the kayak will be used. For instance, a kayak built for rough rapids would be difficult for distance paddling while a kayak built for sporting would be difficult to use for fishing. Basically, kayaks come in two distinct styles; sit-in and sit-on-top kayaks.

A sit in kayak has a seat that is inside the kayak’s cock pit. These kayaks feature an opening at their top where the paddler can get in and out of the kayak. There are sit-in kayaks fitted with water skirts over the opening that prevents water from getting into the kayak. This way, the paddlers are able to remain dry the whole time.

A sit-in kayak represents the traditional style where the paddlers’ sit with their legs inside the enclosed cock pit. The vessel also features adjustable foot rests, back rests, cup holders and arm rests fitted inside the cock pit to ensure that the paddler remains comfortable. These kayaks are narrower and longer, a feature that makes them easier to paddle and faster than the sit-on-top kayaks.

Sit-in kayaks are more suited for skilled kayakers. They are the best for those who consider them as an alternative mode of transport rather than mere fun toys. They have storage spaces that keep gear and other personal effects dry. They are the best suited for cold environments as they shelter the paddlers from cold wind while keeping them dry. In case the vessel flips, water cannot get into the kayak due to the water tight skirt. An experienced pilot can use his body to roll a capsized kayak back to its upright position.

Sit-on-top kayaks on the other hand are very user-friendly especially to the recreational user. They are considered more stable and are easy to move in and out. They have scupper holes that allow water to drain through them and hence reduce the risk of sinking. These vessels were designed for leisure use with the ability to handle surf conditions more efficiently.

Sit-on-top kayaks are wide and shorter, a feature that makes them slow and hence cumbersome for long distance paddling. Nevertheless, their large size can accommodate up to four paddlers which makes them good for tandem kayaking. They are popularly used for recreational kayaking where the participants can easily get in and out of the kayak.

Sit-on-top kayaks are ideal for inexperienced paddlers and beginners. Sit on top kayaks are very stable in calm waters but are not very dependable in rough waters. Anglers also prefer them as they are stable when stationary offering them a stable fishing platform.

Sit-in kayaks on the other hand are appropriate for skilled kayakers who want greater control of the vessel. They are the best for white water kayaking and other sporting activities.

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tandem kayaking 2

Sailing on water with a kayak opens up an unmatched beauty of the water world for the kayaker. This experience creates unforgettable moments that would be worth sharing with others. In this case, a tandem kayak would be the best option since it gives an opportunity for two individuals to paddle in one vessel and share the excitement that comes with kayaking. There are a wide range of tandem kayaks that one can choose from. Each of the different types of tandem kayaks are designed to suit specific kayaking needs.

Tandem kayaks offer an opportunity to share kayaking experience with an extra individual by providing an extra seat for the second person. For this reason, they are longer and stronger than the ordinary kayaks so as to accommodate extra weight.

Nevertheless, because of their large size, some of these kayaks are cumbersome to transport and will occupy more space in the garage. On the other hand, when a single person tries to maneuver a tandem kayak, they will find them very difficult to maneuver. When a single person is using a tandem kayak it is advisable to use some compensation weight to help balance the kayak. However, there are some tandem kayaks with a centered seat such that a single paddler can take them out to the waters without difficulties.

Sit-on-top kayaks are the best for tandem kayaking. These kayaks feature a wide base and are relatively shorter than the sit-in kayaks. Because of their size, they can comfortably accommodate two people while remaining stable on the waters. The common type of sit-on-top kayaks are molded into a hollow shape where the paddler can sit comfortably. They are the best for leisure as they allow paddlers to get in and out of the kayak with much ease. However, the paddlers together with their gear are exposed to elements of weather and water since they are not protected by hull.

Nowadays, manufacturers are keen in producing hard shell tandem kayaks that are light weight and durable. Kayaks made of high quality plastic have become more popular in the recent past. These kayaks have been designed to overcome the setbacks of traditional plastic materials that had a lot of weight aand were not very durable.

New technology has brought about the manufacture of plastics that are resistant to damage by UV radiations and easily repairable in case of damage. Sport pescador tandem kayaks are a great entry in the list of affordable, durable and light weight hard-shell tandem kayaks. These kayaks feature comfortable seating systems for two people, molded foot wells, kayak carrier handles and bow and stern tankwell for easy paddling. They can be used by both beginners and novice kayakers for leisure and sport fishing.

For individuals with issues with hard-shell tandem kayaks, an inflatable tandem kayak would serve them better. These kayaks are extremely stable and light weight and therefore the most convenient for use in calm environments. They take some time to inflate and deflate but can be transported more easily unlike the hard-shell kayaks.

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Recreational kayaking

Recreational kayaking is a rewarding outdoor event which has a myriad of benefits especially for health which includes weight management and relieving of stress. It also provides a good challenge for institution’s social event activities and team bonding sessions. Kayaks that are used for recreational purposes are a little bit different from other kayaks since they have a little bit more width, less height and their cockpits are enlarged in most cases to allow a little more room for movement.

Kayaks that are made for recreational purposes are build in such a way that they can be used on still waters like a lake, on the shores of oceans and on shallow rivers that do not have a lot of upheavals. Here are some of the factors to consider when choosing a recreational kayak.

Cargo to be carried

The amount of luggage that you need to carry during your recreational expeditions is an important factor to consider before purchasing a recreational kayak. A sit on top vessel is best suited for those who prefer to go for group expeditions and may be required to carry refreshments, snacks and other meals to enjoy with friends.


Since kayaks are built in different sizes, weight and shapes, it is prudent to consider the material used to make the vessel since it greatly affects the portability of the vessel. Fiber glass, plastic and PVC are a few of the materials used to manufacture kayaks and they can have varying effect on their portability depending on the weight of the materials used to build the kayak. Inflatable kayaks are considered to be a better option due to their portability.

Carrying capacity of the vessel

Many kayaks are designed to carry one person but there are tandem kayaks that can accommodate more than one person. While selecting a suitable kayak to purchase, one needs to consider the number of people that are going to use the vessel.  For couples that would like to take the time out together, a kayak that has double sitting capacity would be appropriate. For family outings that might involve a family of parents and the children together, a kayak designed for a larger capacity is best suited.

Desired speed & maneuverability

One of the factors that determine how fast a kayak can move is its length and shape of the hull. For those who are keen on acquiring kayaks best suited for speed, a kayak with a long hull is the most suitable, for those who prefer leisurely paddling of the kayak while taking in the scenes in calm waters a kayak with a wider hull is more preferable for stability.

The design of the kayak determines the ease of maneuvering it in different types of waters. A kayak with a more rounded hull and a shorter length is usually more navigable in turns. The material used to manufacture a kayak can also greatly affect its speed. Kayaks used for surfing are mainly made from fiberglass while those used on white waters are mostly made from plastic.

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kayak fishing 9

Kayak fishing has undergone complete revolution over the last few decades. Kayaking originated with the Eskimos in the arctic region who used kayaks for fishing and hunting.

British Commandos also used them during the Second World War to raid German forces on their ships. They specifically used the collapsible canoes that could easily be carried in bags.

The first known kayaks were hard-shell kayaks made of wood and animal hide. There have been many developments that have led to new developments in the kayaking industry where other materials such as glass, Kevlar, polyurethane and plastics are being used to make kayaks.

New technology has resulted in the development of inflatable and hard-shell kayaks with enhanced features and durability. This has popularised kayaking as an outdoor activity where individuals are using them for sport fishing, racing, touring and recreational purposes. Among these outdoor activities, sport fishing is the most popular as it helps individuals keep fit and enhance their mental health.

Fish as food is also rich in nutrients such as the omega fatty acids and proteins that are essential for the body.

Fishing kayaks come in a wide range of varieties. There are sit on top kayaks and sit in kayaks – hard shell and inflatable kayaks. Sit-on-top kayaks are widely used in warm waters while the sit-in kayaks are best for cold environments. This is because an individual is able to maintain their warmth in a sit in kayaks than on a sit-on-top kayak.

The introduction of inflatable kayaks is one development that hit the sport-fishing industry with a bang. These kayaks are made using collapsible materials that is easily inflated and deflated. They are a favourite to many people since they are light and hence easily portable. These kayaks are quite affordable and more suited for beginners. Kayaks designed for fishing come with enhanced features for attaching items and fishing gear.

Different types of fishing gear have been in use since the last millennia. However, new technology has resulted in the development of advanced gear such as bait casting reels for fishing. This has made the sport simpler and more fulfilling for both beginners and experienced anglers.

There is the basic impression that baitcasting reels are for the superior anglers. This is however not the case since baitcasting reels are available in an array of choices, elements and quality for use by both beginners and novice anglers.

Baitcasting reels are made from either graphite or aluminium. These two materials are designed for use in different environments. For instance, graphite reels are light and highly resistant to corrosion. They can be suitably used in salt water despite the salinity of these environments. Aluminium on the other hand is stronger and more robust than graphite. This makes aluminium reels the best for catching big fish such as the tuna and marlins owing to their resilience. Graphite is a good choice especially for those targeting smaller fish species.

Bait casting reels have overshadowed other fishing gear becoming the most popular among anglers. There are other types or reels used in fishing as well. They include fly reels, spincast reels trolling reels, centerpin reels and underspin reels.

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Waking Up to Run

in Hobbies , by www.bobjamieson.net

Waking Up to Run

If you are an athletic individual, you know how important it is to run regularly. It will not only keep you in good shape but also keep your heart and cardiovascular system healthy and strong. There are many different tools that you can use to help you have a better work out and get the most out of your daily run. Having the right tools, and even the right clothing, can make a big difference on the impact the run has on your body and even your mind. Keep reading to find out about some much needed essentials to get you ready for an awesome run.

Calorie Counters

There are many different calorie counters on the market for those of you who want to keep track of those pesky calories. You can even purchase calorie counter watches that keep up with the calories you burn as you are running. The best calorie counter watch on the market today is the Motorola MotoACTV. This calorie counter also has the ability to measure the pace in which you run as well as distance and how many calories you burn. This product is not only good for running but you can also use it for other activities such as aerobics and even yoga. It comes with a training portal which you can access online that will even create the best workout plan for you based on the recorded data.

The FitBit Flex is another good option if you are seeking a watch that counts calories. This product is for individuals who are looking to lose weight in a more traditional sense. It has the ability to create an estimate of calories you can burn by using information such as weight and gender. It does not have all of the added features that the Motorola has, but will help you track calories at a basic level.


If you are having problems getting motivated to run there are some things that can help. One thing you can do to help you eliminate the procrastination in your life is to only do things that you are passionate about. Maybe your career is making you unhappy and you should be doing something that just wasn’t meant for you. If this is happening to you quite a bit it might be time for a change in careers.

I know another thing that gets to many procrastinators is social media and other distractions. If you work on a computer day after day you know how tempting Facebook and Twitter can be. So much so that you become obsessed with it instead of doing your daily tasks. You need to set out specific times to check Facebook and social media and allow all of that extra time for work and other responsibilities. It can be difficult at time to block out those distractions but in the end you will see a lot more work getting done.

Waking Up to Run Credit Picture License: AKU_8709 (Large) via photopin cc
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Bigger Better, Smaller Smarter?

in Pets , by www.bobjamieson.net

malamute-de-l-alaskaIf you are thinking of brining a new canine friend home, one the questions that may be on your mind is: what is the right size and breed? To a great extent, a dog’s personality, behavior, and dietary and exercise requirements may be determined by its breed and size. Those who love the idea of a big, comforting pooch presence around the home can choose from a wide variety of large dog breeds. Large dogs are classified as those that weigh above 56 pounds; those with a body weight upwards of 100 pounds are also called giant dogs. Do keep in mind that regardless of the breed, the right training and early socialization will be a crucial part of helping your dog become a well-behaved and happy member of the family unit.

The majestic Alaskan Malamute is a great choice for a family with kids. Loyal, friendly, and active, these dogs love learning new tricks and tend to be wonderful with children. Alaskan Malamutes’ high-energy levels demand plenty of daily exercise. The Belgian Malinois is another large and active breed. It is reserved, intelligent, and loyal; its protective instincts make it an ideal guard dog candidate. The strong, dependable, and playful Bullmastiff is another firm family favorite.

It is commonly thought that large dogs require more exercise than smaller ones, which can deter families with small homes from choosing them. However, this is not true. All dogs – big or small – should get a minimum level of daily walking and play-time to ensure their health and happiness. It is the specific breed of the animal that determines its daily activity needs, not its size. Many big canines are even known as gentle giants because of their mature and docile personalities, which make them happy to laze and pass most of their time quietly in small spaces. Greyhounds and Bullmastiffs are examples of large dogs that do not require much exercise. In fact, many large breeds should not be subjected to excessive activity, especially during puppyhood, due to their vulnerability to joint and ligament issues. On the other hand, the medium-sized Border Collie and Weimaraner and small Fox Terrier and Miniature Pinscher are extremely lively dogs that thrive on lots of running and playing. Thus, all sizes of dogs – large, medium, and small – can be happy in an urban apartment, provided they receive adequate exercise and lots of love.

Those who are keen on a pooch with smarts can look at some of the smartest dog breeds in the world. Many people think that smaller dogs are more intelligent; again, this is not strictly true. Breed plays a much larger role than size! The large Labrador Retriever, for instance, is an intelligent and trainable breed, making it the ideal choice for police work and assisting the disabled. Law enforcement, security, and military agencies also work with German Shepherds, who are sharp, reliable, and adept at learning new tasks. This is not to say that smaller dogs are any less mentally capable. The popular Poodle is extremely smart, creative, and trainable; they learn new tricks rapidly and are happiest when engaged. The medium-sized Border Collie is another intelligent creature that does best when trained and kept occupied; in fact, a Border Collie has been dubbed the smartest dog in the world! While intelligent dogs are a delight for their loving owners, it is important to train them and channel their intelligence and energies continually since boredom can lead to destructive behaviors.

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dogs on searchAs if dogs aren’t interesting enough, it has now been discovered that dogs have an ability to “read” magnetic fields.  This magnetic field ability produces some interesting repetitive nature, particularly in the area of relieving themselves.  The research found that when the magnetic field was stable, dogs consistently relieved themselves in a North or South direction and never faced East or West.

Neither the breed nor the size of the dog mattered at all when it came to the consistency of this action.  Small dogs had the same magnetic sensory that the medium dogs did and the behavior was the same.  What is interesting is that when the magnetic field is unstable, the dogs seem to lose their North to South preference and suddenly it doesn’t matter anymore where or what direction they relive themselves and their activity was random.

What is baffling scientists is WHY they do this.  If it s a true sensing of the magnetic field why does it affect the direction in which they relive themselves?  They don’t know yet but more studies will no doubt be done to see if more information can be ascertained.

Why is this important?  The more basic level reason is that it could open up a lot more future research in biomagnetic research, indicating the effects of the magnetic field on organisms affect behavioral responses are much more than they originally might have thought.  It is definitely another indication of how amazing dogs are as animals and how much we don’t know about them despite their years of domesticity.

Despite the fact that it has not been determined whether this is a conscious aligning or instinctual, the things that remain true are that it doesn’t matter what breed of dog it is, whether it is male or female, or how big or small the dog is.  It also didn’t matter what time of day it was or what the weather conditions were.  Human behaviors could affect the dog’s preferential spot to relieve themselves, but when no human influence was added into the equation the results were aligned with the fact that when the magnetic field was stable, facing North or South was the preferred and executed way.

There is so much that is still not known about animal behavior and scientists are fascinated with the new discoveries they are making when it comes to Man’s Best Friend.  Whether it is automatic, instinctual or coincidental, the constant is that it is happening and scientists are anxious to try and discover the whys behind it to see if it can further additional research in other areas.

Other behavioral indications related to magnetic reading have not been as conclusive as the process of the dogs reliving themselves, which is why that particular indicator was used.  At first even that was proving to be difficult until the scientists began to sort the data they were getting by what the prevailing magnetic conditions were at the times of the observations. It was once they started doing this that a definite pattern started emerging.

It is a fascinating thing to consider, even though a lot more work is yet to be done, but as scientists learn more, it will be interesting to see just how conscious, if at all, this behavior is.

healthy-petsMost households have either a cat or dog if not both.  They are by far the most favoured household pets to own and for the most part, people don’t just have one.  They become integral parts of the family that are treated to things such as birthday parties, Christmas presents and other luxuries.  It’s no wonder that with cats and dogs being such a huge part of people’s lives, that their focus would be on how to keep their cherished pets safe and healthy.

There are many things that a pet owner can do to ensure that their cats and dogs are healthy.  Being able to spot warning signs, even subtle ones, are an important part of being a home owner.  A good example of this is the purring of a cat.

Cats purr for a number of reasons although the definite cause of purring is not entirely known.  Based on what veterinarians do know about cats, the purring seems to be a form of communication as well as a method of self soothing and even self healing.  One of the ways you may notice something is not quite right with your cat is if you notice that they are NOT purring.  This doesn’t always indicate an immediate problem, but it is something to keep an eye on and see if other symptoms come along with the absence of it.

Other potential signs your cat may be sick is a change in behavior or eating patterns, lethargy, and sometimes just an appearance that something isn’t quite right. If there is any question that your cat isn’t feeling well, a call to the vet to verify whether there is cause for concern can alleviate any additional worry.

Dogs also can show signs of illness such as vomiting, diarrhea, not eating or drinking, or drinking too much, panting or rapid breathing, lethargy, and the obvious signs such as limping or yelping in pain.  Some of these signs can occur if the animal has consumed something they shouldn’t of such as chocolate, which is one of the most dangerous foods a dog can eat.  If your dog DOES get a hold of chocolate, a trip to the vet is usually in order but at the very least, call them.

Because people’s pets are such a huge part of their everyday lives, noticing that they are showing signs of illness isn’t too hard to do.  Make a point of doing a quick once over each evening before going to bed, just to make sure there’s nothing unusual going on with the furred member of your family.  Remember the old adage an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

By being observant and alert, there may be many illnesses that you catch so quickly, they can be taken care of right away before any lasting or serious injury is caused.  In addition, be sure to keep an eye on and around your home for potential hazards to your pets, including automobile fluids, other animals and even passing cars.  Your pets are important and ensuring that they remain safe is one of the many ways you can show them that you appreciate their contribution to your life.

A Case For Patent Reform: How Gillette May Have Destroyed Innovation In Men’s Shaving

It has been over a hundred years since Gillette patented their technique of manufacturing disposable cheap blades and changed men’s shaving for ever.

The amazing success of this patent and the realisation that intellectual property rights can only last for twenty years resulted in a decision by the Gillette Company to constantly innovate and develop variations to the shaving theme and allow them to keep patenting and keep the intellectual property rights going for these ‘new’ products.

I do not blame them for wanting to continue being a successful Company. Neither do I blame the Patent Office for this situation of a perfectly good product having to be refined and tinkered with, often detrimentally, in order to protect the property rights of the company. I believe reform of some kind is badly needed in order to protect the consumer from constant and usually unnecessary product development which always results in extra cost being passed on to the consumer. Yes. Us.

We are the ones who have to pay each time Gillette wants a new patent protected by bringing out a ‘new’, or ‘revolutionary’ razor.

How many times have you seen an introductory pack featuring a new style shaving system with a new shaving head assembly on special offer? Once you purchase that razor at its discounted price you are then committed to buying a replacement pack of new blades. Wow!! The price of these blades is staggering and I believe that they are totally unnecessary.

Some years back I decided I was not going to play this game anymore. I bought an old school safety razor, a shaving brush and some shaving soap. Packs of double edged razor blades are available very cheaply on the internet. I admit it took a week or so to get used to the slightly different style of shaving. Shorter strokes than a modern multi bladed razor, and you don’t need to apply pressure while shaving. Just let the weight of the razor do the work. Result? Well, no more ingrowing stubble due to the modern razor lifting the hairs out of the follicle too far. The shaving soap moisturises really well and its luxurious lather prevents razor burn. And the biggest difference is in my wallet. I now spend a fraction on what I used to on shaving products and actually enjoy my morning shave. Try it and see for yourselves.

Alternatively if you decide to opt for an electric razors check out reviews to make sure it delivers exactly what you mean. There is a wide range of electric shavers available to choose from, and even I have to admit there are some very good products available.

A Case For Patent Reform Credit Picture License: Chris Devers via photopin cc

Dogs have hobbies too!

in Hobbies , by www.bobjamieson.net

Dogs have hobbies too!

It may seem a strange suggestion to make, but dogs enjoy hobbies just as we do. Hobbies are something your dog can get enthusiastic about and help to alleviate boredom, keeping your dog stimulated and keen to learn new things and explore new environments.

Some of the activities all dogs love includes going on walks. Dogs like both regular walks around well known territory but also love the adventure of trying out new excursions. Countryside walks can be interchanged with walks along the sea shore, or urban rambles. Going to different places allows your dog to engage all of their senses- new sounds, new smells, new friends to meet.

Playing games can stimulate your dog and also help to keep your dog well exercised and fit. Dogs love the interaction of chasing after a ball or other toy, and quite often have a favorite toy they like to take out.

Playing games with your dog will also  help the bond between you grow. Dogs are sociable creatures and love the interaction that playing provides. Some large dogs, such as labs, thrive so much on that attention that they literally become addicted to it.

Just like humans, dogs can get excited about foods. Providing a wide range of food items and treats for your dog can help keep your dog in optimum health and keep them excited about mealtimes. Treats and rewards can play a pivotal role in dog training, a few tasty morsels in your pocket will keep your dog focused and alert to your every command. A well trained dog is a pleasure to take out.

Another activity dogs enjoy is being petted. Grooming and brushing and pats on the head can help keep your dog content and feel loved.

“Dogs need something to fill their time just like humans ”. Read this interesting article: http://www.petmd.com/dog/pet_lover/WW_top8_dog_hobbies

Best of all is having hobbies that you can share with your dog. Examples of these include obedience training, agility courses and hunting. Going on a regular run or meeting up with friends and their dogs can also be a fun shared activity. Spending quality time with your dog can build up a fantastic rapport, your dog really can be your best friend.

Dogs have hobbies too! Credit Picture License: Kimberly Gauthier | Keep the Tail Wagging via photopin cc

zoologistFor most of us who are not very familiar with the exact duties of each scientific profession, the differences between geologists and engineers seems rather obvious since each profession has its own educational requirements, emphasizes a different area of science and most important has different titles. One is a geologist and the other is an engineer, so obviously they are very different.

However, geologists and engineers are actually far more similar than they first appear. While the two have many different responsibilities and training, they are fairly similar. Engineers study everything from medical-based engineering to institutions dedicated to making things fly, whereas geologists mainly study rocks and the earths crust. There are, however, Geological Engineers and Engineering Geologist; both have differences in what they actually do.

So what are the similarities and differences between geologists and engineers? It helps to start by identifying what each of these professions is first.


A geologist studies the solid and liquid matter that makes up what we know as the Earth. In addition, they study the processes and history that helped create our planet. You usually find geologists working for educational institutions, mining companies, weather centers, and even teaching about the history of the Earth itself.


An engineer is focused on what is known as applied science using specific knowledge, but often based in math to create solutions for technical issues. Engineers design structures, materials and systems for a wide variety of construction projects. In fact, the very word “engineer” is derived from two Latin words meaning “devise and cleverness”.

Engineer branches out to different areas such as aerospace engineering as opposed to mining for example, but all branches of engineering are essentially the same with differences based on the actual area it is employed.

What are the Similarities?

The main similarities between geology and engineering are founded in the materials each of them study and use on a daily basis. In mining companies for example, geologists and engineers often work side by side on the same issues in the discovery, mining and transportation of the material that is being removed.

In addition, their educational backgrounds are very similar as well, at least in terms of the general science that is being utilized.

What are the Differences?

The main difference between geology and engineering is that geology is founded in how materials came about, as well as their capabilities while engineering is how such materials can be used for a specific purpose. Another important difference is that engineering is primarily founded in math while geology is the founded in the study of materials.

To go back to our mining example, the geologist will study the material in the opening to see how durable, pliable and resilient it is to place tracks to move the material. An engineer will then use the information from the geologist to construct the best transportation method.

As you can see, the geologist and engineer compliment the skills of the other, but they do not overlap as much as they may seem. To say that a geologist “studies” while the engineer takes “action” is somewhat simplistic, but it does highlight the differences in each of their professions.

Featured photo taken from: http://www.qualityeducationandjobs.com/zoologist/


Why I Chose to Eat Paleo

in Health , by www.bobjamieson.net

cavemanThe Paleo diet, which is also known as the caveman’s diet or the Stone Age diet, is a diet that attempts to mimic what our ancient ancestors would have eaten. The theory behind the diet is simple. If you can’t kill it with a spear or harvest it by gathering, then it is not part of the diet. That means that the goal of the diet is to eat lots of meat and very few carbohydrates. That is similar to what the cavemen would have eaten.

My favorite meal is roast pork. This is a great caveman diet because our ancient ancestors would have hunted wild boar. Then they would have skinned the animal and then roasted it over a fire. They of course did not have silverware and if they had knives they would have been stone. Thus they would have likely eaten the juicy meat off of a stick once it was cooked. Now I am not suggesting that we take this so far that we disregard silverware, but lean pork can be cooked conveniently in a slow cooker on low. That will allow all of the juices to drip out of the meat and leave it nice and tender.

Now obviously a diet that is based primarily on lean meat and nuts has its controversies. However, the idea here is to eat healthy. Much of our foods today are highly processed. Both the United States and Europe heavily subsidize grain and encourage farmers to grow commodities such as wheat and corn. This has obvious benefits because grain can be dried and preserved. The flour can be processed into anything from bread to beer. So from a government’s standpoint this policy makes sense because every government has a responsibility to make sure that people are fed.

The problem is that our bodies were not intended to eat this highly processed food. The results have been alarming; we suffer from obesity, heart disease, and diabetes in epidemic proportions. It won’t do us much good to be fed and unhealthy at the same time. Exercise is beneficial, but unless we eat correctly, exercise will only do so much for us. That is why we need to avoid these foods.

I can almost always find a Paleo replacement for my favorite foods. You basically need to avoid certain areas of the grocery store. Start by walking towards the meat case and away from anything that is on the isle shelves. Look for lean meats like pork chops, round roast, fish, and poultry. Technically you choose fattier cuts, but these should be eaten in moderation. Next walk paste anything that is dairy, baked, or a bean. Cavemen did not farm. Instead find the fresh produce section and eat anything that can be gathered like berries, grapes, or leafy vegetables. You will soon find yourself not only losing weight be having more energy. You will soon see the difference after about thirty days.

Tephrochronology_icelandGeology, part of the earth sciences, is an important field related to many industries and companies dealing with manufacturing, technology and the environment. Most geologists become employed as researchers and scientists, working closely with industries that must explore for natural resources as well as petroleum and mining companies. The federal government also employs many geologists for the Environmental Protection Agency among other select agencies.

Geology is an important and diverse field because geologists specialize in understanding the earth and the materials that it is made of as well as how this matter was transformed over time by natural forces. In studying these natural forces, geologists can determine the best place to start a housing development for example, while avoiding areas which are naturally flooded. They also know how to best determine the layout of a mine for acquiring the proper materials as well as the best means of acquiring them.

Acquiring a bachelors degree in geology can take about four years at the best geology schools. In addition to the standard geology-related subjects dealing with minerals and the earth, non-geology related general educational courses such as algebra, trigonometry, calculus, physics and chemistry may be required. Geology is very much a chemistry and mathematics related field, particularly if you expect to branch out into the engineering related areas of geology upon earning your degree.

Ultimately, geology can be a very fascinating and fulfilling field to find a career in. As a field of study, it has a myriad of real world applications. Many companies are looking to hire people who have earned their degrees in geology because a geologist’s knowledge is crucial to many of their operations. If you have an interest in the hard sciences and don’t mind learning all of the minutiae of minerals, the earth and how the earth changes, geology may be the perfect field for you.


travertineI’ve traveled a lot in my time. There are many fascinating and wonderful sights to see in the world that everyone should try to see before they die. So if you are making out your bucket list, then be sure to put on it to see these 5 natural wonders of the world:

1.     The travertine pools of Turkey

In the past the town of Pamukkale in Turkey was the leading mineral-bath spa with hot calcium-filled waters that flowed over cliffs, cooled and became the travertine pools of Turkey with its brilliant white calcium that formed these pools of mineral water.

These were formed by underground water being heated by a volcano, then being cooled when it got above ground, making the calcium in it stick to the surrounding soil and creating the calcium form of the travertine cascades. People came for the health benefits of the mineral waters. As of the 1990s the area changed due to attempted modernization but the area is still a beautiful place to see.

2.     Aurora Borealis – the Northern Lights

The Northern Lights are a beautiful display of colors like blue, green, yellow and red that appears in the skies above areas like Greenland, Iceland, Russia, Alaska, and other northern regions. In some of these zones where it is night half the year, you can possibly see Aurora Borealis at any of this dark time of the year, but in other places you see them less often.

3.     The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is actually not one big long wall, instead it is a combination of several short walls that follow along the hills on the Mongolian plains.  It is also called the “Long Wall of 10,000 Li” and it is more than five thousand miles in length.

The first part of the Great Wall was built to make sure the Mongols were kept out of the country and it was made of dirt and stones inside wooden frames between 221 and 206 BCE. The more modern parts of the wall were started between 1388 and 1644 CE. Additional improvements have been made over the years since that time.

4. Great Barrier Reef

Another place to put on your bucket list is Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. It is the world’s biggest coral reef and has more than 3,000 single reef systems and many different kinds of sea life. The area also has hundreds of beautiful tropical island paradises to visit and several of the best beaches the word has to offer.

The area covers more than 1,800 miles and is along the Queensland coast. The reef area itself is about 15 to 150 kilometers off the coast and in some places this reef area is 65 kilometers wide. Divers love to come to see the beautiful coral and sea life.

5.     Taj Mahal, India

Th Taj Mahal is a monument which was built by the Mughals, who were Muslim rulers in India. It is built exclusively out of white marble. The name means “Crown Palace.” It took 22 years to build it and this beautiful palace is 58 feet wide and 213 feet high and it has four domed chambers, beautiful gardens, a guest house and many other fantastic amenities.



What Do Geological Engineers Do?

in Geology , by www.bobjamieson.net

Boston_CAT_Project-construction_view_from_airGeological engineering is the application of geological science to solving problems involving humans in relation to the Earth. Distinct from other engineering disciplines such as mechanical engineering, it’s an interdisciplinary field where geology, civil engineering and many other applications intersect.

Geological engineers are tasked with a wide variety of responsibilities. For example, a geological engineer may investigate sites for housing, industrial or commercial zone developments and projects, mines, pipelines, petroleum, forestry and more. Working with civil engineers they may design essential parts of projects. Other times they may be responsible for assessing the environmental impact of a project, and cleaning up the aftermath of pollution, or simply finding minerals, resources and potable water. Additionally, geological engineers may assess risk and hazards for a given locale for issues such as earthquakes, landslides and other natural hazards associated with the earth.

Because of the sheer number of responsibilities for the geological engineer, it’s likely that an individual with a degree in the field will be employable for any number of tasks. Geological engineering salaries are typically around $90,000. By comparison, mechanical engineering salaries are around $80,000, with a similar degree equivalent.

Some additional jobs and responsibilities for the geological engineer may include construction, where it is ensured that the foundations for potential buildings, large and small, are stable and safe and not prone to issues such as earthquakes. Geological engineers are sometimes responsible for environmental protection, ensuring that land development and construction has minimal impact on the local environment. They are also responsible for logistics and the discovery and protection of local, natural resources such as water, minerals and energy.

Given all of these responsibilities, geological engineering is an important discipline that requires much training, knowledge and expertise on the behalf of the engineer. Nonetheless, a geological engineer can expect to find steady and lucrative employment, both for private company and federal government needs.


1613-gunsmithGunsmithing is an extremely common hobby. For years, many people have found themselves with the time and knowhow to create replica of ancient and famous weapons. These weapons, if created correctly, are going to be heirlooms for generations and can really be a great hobby to take up.

If you find yourself fascinated by guns and gunsmithing, then why not consider taking it up as a hobby? Of course, you could always buy a 3D Printer and go a little nuts! However, the art and design required, as well as the expertise, makes it an outstanding long-term hobby that can keep you captivated and busy for years to come!

The skills required to be an efficient gunsmith are varied – from maths and science to get your sizes and bearings right, your use of mechanical hardware and also your ability to cut wood effectively. However, this should not put you off – all of these skills can be acquired with time and the long-term benefits of finishing your very first gun off is indescribable.

Being able to hold a weapon that you made from scratch is a truly unique feeling. As well as that, being able to mold weapons from your own imagination is a great feature – you never know, it could even be used in some form of media, should you advertise it well enough!

Gunsmithing is a truly enjoyable hobby, and you don’t need an entire workshop to be a good gunsmith. Many of the best artisans of gunsmithing use only the basics, relying on skill and technique more than anything else. Of course, you need to know the gun laws in your State properly so check with local enthusiasts and online to find out where you stand.

However, once you get into this type of hobby, it can be almost impossible to stop! The challenges all lie ahead, but the rewards are truly spectacular. So, to get started, the best way to do just that is to get out there and start working on your ability on everything listed above.

Once you get to that stage where you feel comfortable both using the equipment and working in that environment, start piecing together a workshop over time, whether it is in the house or in a garage. The process will be time consuming, but in the end you can have one of the most enjoyable and challenging hobbies around!